The Pomegranate is revered to be a very popular and admired tree in bonsai for both its flowering and fruiting qualities. It is an excellent choice because of its finer leaves. The pomegranate has stunning yellow-orange trumpet-style flowers and has excellent characteristics. Its leaves are dark green with tinges of bronze and after flowering the tree produces beautiful golf-ball sized fruits.
The Chinese Elm is native to East Asia and grows up to 18 metres in height and has a sinuous habit. The bark can either be what we call corky bark or grey bark elm, there is also a reddish brown and a cream variety. The elm can be an indoor or an outdoor tree. If kept indoors it stays evergreen whereas if kept outdoors all year it becomes deciduous. The foliage is small leathery and dark green, but shiny on top of the leaf with a slightly serrated edge.
The Cotoneaster is a hardy, easy-to-grow tree. It has small, attractive leaves and flowers thereby making it an excellent specimen for bonsai. There a wide range of varieties both deciduous and evergreen in spreading, upright or prostrate forms.
Cotoneaster has clusters of small white flowers in the spring followed by masses of small bright berries with a remainder of bright green foliage.
Satsuki Azalea (Rhododendron indicum)
The Satsuki Azalea is an excellent specimen for bonsai. They are the most flamboyant of all flowering shrubs with the exception of possibly Wisteria. Azaleas produce masses of bright flowers in May, June with the exception of Satsuki which flower in late autumn. There are untold numbers of satsuki which are constantly hybridized in Japan and are categorized by their size, shape and colour.
Wisteria are deciduous climbers found originally on the banks of streams and in moist woodlands in China, Japan and Korea and central and southern USA where they achieve heights of ten metres or more.
Camellias are favoured as bonsai for their flowers that appear in great abundance. There are over 250 varieties recognised today. There are three varieties that are most suited to groom as bonsai.